Norwegian storms caused a salmon farm jailbreak
A violent storm in Norway over the weekend caused a massive salmon farm jailbreak, and now the world’s largest producer of farmed salmon is offering a bounty on the fish to get them back before they breed.
According to The Local, winds damaged a Marine Harvest salmon cage containing 127,000 salmon, allowing many of them to escape. Most of the salmon were caught with nets as they were trying to escape, but some got through. The company is now offering €60 or $80 for each runaway salmon that is caught and returned to the company. The exact number of missing salmon is unknown, but it could be in the thousands.
Escaped farmed salmon threaten marine life by competing with wild salmon for resources and mates. The farmed salmon often win because they are bigger and grow faster than wild salmon, but the farmed salmon are likely to produce genetically inferior offspring that weaken the genetic makeup of the wild salmon population.
The Local reports that the salmon farming industry has gotten a lot better about keeping its salmon in their cages. In 2012, 38,000 salmon escaped. That sounds like a lot, but it is 10 times fewer salmon escaped than in 2011. 2006 was the best year for escaped salmon, or the worst year for the fisheries, because 921,000 salmon got loose, the Norwegian Fisheries Directorate says.
4 Reasons You Should NEVER Eat Farmed Salmon
Farmed salmon vs. wild salmon. Which is healthier? Well, you may be surprised to find out that farmed salmon has toxic contents and can be dangerous. Learn what to avoid when you get salmon at the store.
It seems that not a day goes by when I do not read an article about the importance of getting Omega-3 fatty acids into our diet. The best place to find these naturally, of course, is in fatty fish like salmon.
What you need to know about eating and buying salmon, however, is that there is a huge difference when it comes to wild versus farmed salmon. Most of the salmon sold at supermarkets and restaurants is not good wild-caught salmon. It is most commonly farmed salmon, which comes from fish farms or what is called &ldquoaquaculture.&rdquo
Is farmed salmon bad for you?
Well, there are a lot of problems with farmed salmon and all of them are pretty bad.
First, let me explain the difference between wild and farmed salmon, and then let me tell you the top reasons why you should avoid buying or eating farmed salmon.
The difference between Wild Salmon and Farmed Salmon
Wild salmon is caught fresh from oceans and rivers, in their natural habitats. They feed on natural food in their environments, algae, smaller fish, plankton and other natural foods. Farmed salmon, however, is raised in submerged pens and often given feed that contain small ground fish, fish waste by product and GMO corn and soy that helps it grow larger faster and yield more fish.
When you take a close look at the scary facts associated with farmed salmon, I think you&rsquoll want to make the extra effort to find wild caught salmon.
Issues of Purity and Pollution Leave Farmed Salmon Looking Less Rosy
THE images of salmon farming that the industry promotes seem pristine and natural, of fish frisking in icy cold clean waters, of wise management saving an endangered species while providing shoppers with the fish they love.
But critics say that image of the regal salmon, America's most popular fresh fish, is not the whole reality. Recent lawsuits accuse the industry of polluting the ocean, endangering dwindling stocks of wild salmon and failing to tell shoppers that they use artificial colors to make the fish red.
The criticisms echo many of those leveled at huge corporate farms on land.
''We've come to the point where we view these farms as hog lots or feedlots of the ocean,'' said Jeff Reardon, the New England conservation director of Trout Unlimited, which has worked with salmon farmers in Maine to reduce the number of fish that escape, to protect wild trout and salmon. ''They breed disease and parasites. Like other big animal feedlots there are lots of problems. Some of their practices are beginning to improve, but over all the impact is not lessening.''
Industry officials say that some problems have been dealt with and that critics exaggerate others.
''Mistakes were made originally, but to damn the industry on the basis of the early years is unfair,'' said Des Fitzgerald, the former chief executive of Atlantic Salmon of Maine. ''I would never suggest there are no pollution problems.'' He added, ''I maintain that salmon farms that are well run leave very little pollution.''
Last week, a judge in Maine accused one of the largest salmon farming operations in the country of putting its profits ahead of environmental concerns, and of violating an order not to stock its pens with more fish until those concerns were addressed. Earlier this month, a group of Indian tribes in Canada sued salmon farmers in British Columbia, accusing them of practices that have killed millions of wild salmon. And last month, markets around the country began scurrying to relabel their farmed salmon after a class-action lawsuit in Washington State accused retailers of failing to tell shoppers that artificial color was added to fish feed.
As wild salmon have grown more scarce, the industry has increasingly used pens in coastal waters to raise salmon, growing them twice as quickly as fish in the wild. Eighty percent of the salmon sold in the United States were raised on farms.
While all salmon in the store may look similar, the Department of Agriculture says farmed salmon contains almost twice the total fat, more than twice the saturated fat and fewer beneficial omega-3 fatty acids than wild salmon.
Last month, consumers learned about another difference, when the class-action lawsuit in Washington called attention to the little-known fact that farmed salmon are not naturally salmon pink or red, and that if they were not fed artificial colors they would range from gray or khaki to pale yellow or pale pink. Wild salmon turn pink from the krill and shrimp they eat. (Farmed salmon eat a fishmeal diet.) The lawsuit accused three supermarket chains of violating Food and Drug Administration regulations by not telling shoppers that farmed salmon were artificially colored, thus leading them to think they were buying wild fish.
The federal government says that local officials are supposed to enforce the labeling law, but that until now no one has bothered to do so. Since the lawsuit was filed, the chains, Safeway, Albertsons and the Kroger Company, which have 6,000 stores in more than 30 states, have said they would label the fish. Whole Foods, the largest natural food chain, said it is following the label rules now.
In New York, an official for Food Emporium said the information is being added to labels but is not necessarily in the stores yet. Officials at Gristede's and Dɺgostino say labeling is under discussion. The owners of Citarella and Central Fish Market said they did not know about the requirement.
Hoffmann-La Roche, one company that makes the dyes, canthaxanthin and the more expensive astaxanthin, from petrochemicals, offers salmon farmers the SalmoFan, a sort of paint wheel with assorted shades of pink, to help them create the color they think their customers want.
The Washington State lawsuit does not address whether the chemicals are harmful. But European Union officials are reducing the permissible levels of canthaxanthin in fish and poultry from 80 parts per million per kilogram of feed -- the levels permitted in this country -- to 25 parts per million because there is some concern that high levels may cause retinal damage. In Canada the permissible level is 30 parts per million.
The F.D.A. has concluded that 80 parts per million would not damage the eye.
While the lawsuit says farmed salmon have more antibiotics and pesticides than wild salmon, environmentalists and the farmed salmon industry agree that antibiotic use has been drastically reduced. The two sides disagree, however, about the amount of pesticides and other contaminants.
What to Cook This Weekend
Sam Sifton has menu suggestions for the weekend. There are thousands of ideas for what to cook waiting for you on New York Times Cooking.
- Gabrielle Hamilton’s ranchero sauce is great for huevos rancheros, or poach shrimp or cubed swordfish in it.
- If you’re planning to grill, consider grilled chicken skewers with tarragon and yogurt. Also this grilled eggplant salad.
- Or how about a simple hot-dog party, with toppings and condiments galore?
- These are good days to make a simple strawberry tart, the blueberry cobbler from Chez Panisse, or apricot bread pudding.
- If you have some morels, try this shockingly good pan-roasted chicken in cream sauce from the chef Angie Mar.
In a pilot study conducted in 2000 by Dr. Michael Easton of International EcoGenInc in British Columbia, a company that specializes in the effects of contaminants and pollutants on animals, found that farmed salmon had 'ɼonsistently higher levels'' of toxic contaminants compared with wild salmon, including 10 times the level of PCB's. PCB's are far more concentrated in fish feed, particularly in the fish oil added to the feed, than in the natural diet of the fish. The findings were reported in 2002 in Chemosphere, a peer-reviewed international environmental journal, and the study was paid for by the David Suzuki Foundation, an environmental group. The findings have been confirmed in several larger studies, including one by the University of Surrey in England, reported in the peer-reviewed journal Environmental Science and Technology.
Contaminants and pollutants are at the center of a lawsuit filed in Maine in 2000 by the National Environmental Law Center, a nonprofit center dedicated to enforcing antipollution laws.
The lawsuit accused Maine's three largest salmon farms of operating without the permits the Clean Water Act requires of companies that intend to add pollutants to navigable waters. For years, neither the federal or state government got around to issuing the permits. The Environmental Protection Agency acknowledged that it had no idea of the extent of the pollution, from waste, pesticides, antibiotics and other chemicals, in the early days of salmon farming. In 2000, Maine took over the permitting process and was given a year to come up with final rules, a process it is only now completing.
The lawsuit also charges that the companies have degraded the water with fish waste, uneaten feed and the toxic chemicals used to kill pests and protect nets. The typical fish farm in Maine has 250,000 fish in about 20 pens. Each pen produces about two metric tons of waste, a volume of waste that surpasses that of a small city, according to Josh Kratka, a senior lawyer with the National Environmental Law Center.
Sebastian Bell, the executive director of the Maine Aquaculture Association, a trade group, said: 'ɺquaculture is in the cross hairs'' because well-heeled people who live on the coast where there are several salmon farms are also environmentalists. 'ɽo we have a lot to learn? You betcha. Are we as bad as our critics say? Absolutely not.''
The suit also says the companies continued to stock their pens with European salmon even after they were told not to, to prevent interbreeding. Many of these farmed salmon escape and compete for food and habitat, further weakening the tiny population of wild Atlantic salmon that are on the endangered species list in Maine. Two years ago, 100,000 farmed salmon escaped from Atlantic Salmon of Maine, one of the firms being sued. But the companies say they now have better safeguards in place.
Steve Page, the environmental compliance officer for Atlantic Salmon, said, 'ɾvery one of these situations has been remediated.''
He disagreed with the scientists, including those from the Fish and Wildlife Service, who say the European salmon that escape weaken wild Atlantic salmon stocks through interbreeding. He said that interbreeding instead strengthens the wild salmon.
One of the three companies, Heritage Salmon, owned by George Weston, a Canadian firm, settled the lawsuit, paying a $375,000 penalty that is financing salmon restoration projects. The company agreed to limit the discharge of toxic chemicals and excess feed and to grow only North American strains of salmon.
Judge Gene Carter of the United States District Court in Portland, Me., ruled in June 2002 that the two other companies, Atlantic Salmon, owned by Fjord Seafood of Norway, the third-largest aquaculture company in the world, and Stolt Sea Farm, owned by Stolt-Nielsen of Norway, had illegally discharged pollutants without a permit. Judge Carter is expected to decide on penalties this week.
In February, Judge Carter ordered Atlantic Salmon not to restock its pens with new fish until he decided the case, but they did anyway. On May 9, he held the company in contempt of court. ''It is the court's perception that A.S.M.'s leadership has single-mindedly pursued a policy, in the interests of the company's economic well-being and future profitability, of frustrating the fruition of all efforts by the regulatory authorities, such as they have been, and by this Court to secure and ensure its compliance with'' the Clean Water Act, the judge said in a later ruling, rejecting the company's request to delay an injunction on restocking.
Last Wednesday, the company decided to drop its appeal and try to settle out of court.
The State of Maine, meanwhile, is expected to introduce new rules for fish farming permits that prohibit the introduction of the European strains and require the marking of farmed fish, to track them when they escape. Details are being worked on.
In April, in British Columbia, a lawsuit was filed by four Indian tribes against the provincial government and Stolts Sea Farm and Heritage Acquaculture, which operate in the Broughton Archipelago, near Vancouver Island.
The lawsuit said that heavy infestations of sea lice from salmon farms attached themselves to wild pink salmon as they swam near the farms and killed them, sharply reducing the run this spring from the expected 3.5 million to 147,000.
Environmentalists blame the salmon farms. Salmon farmers say there is no proof.
But David Rideout, the executive director of the Canadian Aquaculture Industry Alliance in Ottawa, does not deny that lice from farmed salmon may be to blame for the decimation of the wild salmon run. But, he said: 'ɺt certain levels sea lice contamination at farms can be easily managed, but after a certain level they can have an effect on the wild stock and we have no surveillance data.
''We need to find out a way to manage. In the intervening period we can't put the wild stock at risk.''
Alaska has banned fish farms to protect its wild stocks.
Farmed salmon are here to stay, and Rebecca Goldberg, a senior scientist with Environmental Defense, said there are ways to make the process more environmentally friendly: raising the salmon in floating tanks that catch the waste, using second crops like oysters, mussels and seaweed that would make use of the waste. Others have suggested raising salmon in closed systems, and not in the ocean.
But first, the environmentalists say, the authorities have to enforce the laws.
ɾveryone gets a salmon'
Asked if there was the usual culture of secrecy around the best Tasmanian fishing spots, Mr Dennison was non-commital.
"I won't get involved in the politics of it," he said.
ABC News: Felicity Ogilvie
He said the salmon escaping benefitted many, not just those who pulled them from the water.
"Tackle shops, people making nets, fishing gear, selling outboard fuel, repairers, everybody gets a share of the catch," he said.
Besides that, "people are using their boats and having a good time".
Mr Dennison said he might venture out again in piscatorial pursuit, but the weather was turning and Tasmania's winter was on the way. And, news had got out.
"There'll be a lot of boats out on Saturday, it'll be crowded."
Despite all that, he admitted he probably had at least one more salmon mission in him.
"Salmon are a good gift to people, and a lot of fun catching them," he said.
"They die of starvation in the finish, so it is better if we and everybody else can net a few . everyone gets a salmon for free."
Fish Farms Become Feedlots of the Sea
If you bought a salmon filet in the supermarket recently or ordered one in a restaurant, chances are it was born in a plastic tray here, or a place just like it.
Instead of streaking through the ocean or leaping up rocky streams, it spent three years like a marine couch potato, circling lazily in pens, fattening up on pellets of salmon chow.
It was vaccinated as a small fry to survive the diseases that race through these oceanic feedlots, acres of net-covered pens tethered offshore. It was likely dosed with antibiotics to ward off infection or fed pesticides to shed a beard of bloodsucking sea lice.
For that rich, pink hue, the fish was given a steady diet of synthetic pigment. Without it, the flesh of these caged salmon would be an unappetizing, pale gray.
While many chefs and seafood lovers snub the feedlot variety as inferior to wild salmon, fish farming is booming. What was once a seasonal delicacy now is sometimes as cheap as chicken and available year-round. Now, the hidden costs of mass-producing these once-wild fish are coming into focus.
Begun in Norway in the late 1960s, salmon farming has spread rapidly to cold-water inlets around the globe. Ninety-one salmon farms now operate in British Columbian waters. The number is expected to reach 200 or more in the next decade.
Industrial fish farming raises many of the same concerns about chemicals and pollutants that are associated with feedlot cattle and factory chicken farms. So far, however, government scientists worry less about the effects of antibiotics, pesticides and artificial dyes on human health than they do about damage to the marine environment.
“They’re like floating pig farms,” said Daniel Pauly, professor of fisheries at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver. “They consume a tremendous amount of highly concentrated protein pellets and they make a terrific mess.”
Fish wastes and uneaten feed smother the sea floor beneath these farms, generating bacteria that consume oxygen vital to shellfish and other bottom-dwelling sea creatures.
Disease and parasites, which would normally exist in relatively low levels in fish scattered around the oceans, can run rampant in densely packed fish farms.
Pesticides fed to the fish and toxic copper sulfate used to keep nets free of algae are building up in sea-floor sediments. Antibiotics have created resistant strains of disease that infect both wild and domesticated fish.
Clouds of sea lice, incubated by captive fish on farms, swarm wild salmon as they swim past on their migration to the ocean.
Of all the concerns, the biggest turns out to be a problem fish farms were supposed to help alleviate: the depletion of marine life from overfishing.
These fish farms contribute to the problem because the captive salmon must be fed. Salmon are carnivores and, unlike vegetarian catfish that are fed grain on farms, they need to eat fish to bulk up fast and remain healthy.
It takes about 2.4 pounds of wild fish to produce one pound of farmed salmon, according to Rosamond L. Naylor, an agricultural economist at Stanford’s Center for Environmental Science and Policy.
That means grinding up a lot of sardines, anchovies, mackerel, herring and other fish to produce the oil and meal compressed into pellets of salmon chow.
“We are not taking strain off wild fisheries. We are adding to it,” Naylor said. “This cannot be sustained forever.”
In British Columbia, the industry, under pressure from environmentalists, marine scientists and local newspapers, is taking steps to mitigate some of the ecological problems.
“We have made some mistakes in the past and we acknowledge them,” said Mary Ellen Walling, executive director of the British Columbia Salmon Farmers Assn. “We feel the industry is sustainable, if well-managed, and we have a code of practices that is followed by all of our member companies.”
Nearly 30 farms are preparing to move to less ecologically fragile areas, under orders from Canadian authorities.
Some farms have installed underwater video cameras to detect when fish quit feeding, so workers can stop scattering food pellets. Many farms are switching to sturdier nets to stop fish from escaping and keep out marauding sea lions, which are shot if they penetrate the perimeter.
The industry now recognizes that it will soon be pushing the limits of the ocean.
“There will come a time when our industry will use more of the fish oil and fish meal than is available,” said Odd Grydeland, an executive at Heritage Salmon in British Columbia. “Our biggest challenge is to find substitute grains for fish meal and fish oil.”
Farm-raised salmon now dominates West Coast markets, arriving daily from Canada and Chile. About 80% of the salmon grown in British Columbia goes to markets from Seattle to Los Angeles.
The salmon industry took off so fast in British Columbia in the 1980s that the provincial government, worried about the environmental toll, imposed a ban in 1995 on any new farms.
The industry responded by stuffing, on average, twice as many fish into each farm. Today, farms typically put 50,000 to 90,000 fish in a pen 100 feet by 100 feet. A single farm can grow 400,000 fish. Others raise a million or more.
The moratorium on new farms was lifted in September by the provincial government after voters elected a pro-business slate of lawmakers and administrators. As a result, 10 to 15 farms are expected to open each year over the next decade.
Five international companies -- three of them based in Norway -- control most of the existing farms. Nearly all are situated around Vancouver Island, which begins outside Seattle’s Puget Sound and extends up the coast for 300 miles.
It’s a lightly populated place of stunning beauty. Cedar, hemlock and Douglas fir grow right down to the high-water mark.
Massive tides flush rich blue-green waters through the archipelago of islands, straits, bays and inlets, nurturing five types of wild salmon. These, in turn, attract seals, sea lions, white-sided dolphins and the world’s best known pods of killer whales.
Residents rely on boats and seaplanes to reach surrounding islands that host many of the farms. Each farm is a cluster of pens, often interconnected by metal walkways and tethered offshore by a lattice of steel cables, floats and weights.
In the midst of this idyllic setting, signs of strain on the marine environment are bubbling to the surface much the way diseases and parasites, incubated in European salmon farms, fouled the fiords of Norway and the lochs of Scotland.
In Norway, parasites have so devastated wild fish that the government poisoned all aquatic life in dozens of rivers and streams in an effort to re-boot the ecological system.
“The Norwegian companies are transferring the same operations here that have been used in Europe,” said Pauly, the fisheries professor. “So we can infer that every mistake that has been done in Norway and Scotland will be replicated here.”
Dale Blackburn, vice president of West Coast operations for Norwegian-based Stolt Sea Farm, said his staff works very closely with its counterparts in Norway. But, he said, “It’s ridiculous to think we don’t learn from our mistakes and transfer technology blindly.”
Still, more than a dozen farms in British Columbia have been stricken by infectious hematopoietic necrosis, a virus that attacks the kidneys and spleen of fish.
Jeanine Siemens, manager of a Stolt farm, said, “It was really hard for me and the crew” to oversee the killing of 900,000 young salmon last August because of a viral outbreak.
“We had a boat pumping dead fish every day,” she said. “It took a couple of weeks. But it was the best decision. You are at risk of infecting other farms.”
Farms are typically required to bury the dead in landfills to protect wild marine life and the environment. But Grieg Seafood recently got an emergency permit from the Canadian government to dump in the Pacific 900 tons of salmon killed by a toxic algae bloom. The emergency? The weight of the dead fish threatened to sink the entire farm.
About 1 million live Atlantic salmon -- favored by farmers because they grow fast and can be packed in tight quarters -- have escaped through holes in nets and storm-wrecked farms in the Pacific Northwest.
Biologists fear these invaders will out-compete Pacific salmon and trout for food and territory, hastening the demise of the native fish. An Atlantic salmon takeover could knock nature’s balance out of whack and turn a healthy, diverse marine habitat into one dominated by a single invasive species.
Preserving diversity is essential, biologists say, because multiple species of salmon have a better chance of surviving than just one.
John Volpe, a fisheries ecologist at the University of Alberta, has been swimming rivers with snorkel and mask to document the spread of Atlantic salmon and their offspring.
“In the majority of rivers, I find Atlantic salmon,” Volpe said. “We know they are out there we just don’t know how many, or what to do about them.”
His research focuses on how Atlantic salmon can colonize, if given a chance. It has terrified the U.S. neighbors to the north. Alaskan officials banned fish farms in 1990 to protect their wild fishery. So they don’t take kindly to British Columbian farms creeping toward their southern border.
Although native Pacific salmon are rare and endangered in the Lower 48, Alaska’s salmon fisheries are so healthy they have earned the Marine Stewardship Council’s eco-label as “sustainable.” The council’s labels are designed to guide consumers to species that are not being overharvested.
Recently, the prospect of genetically modified salmon that can grow six times faster than normal fish has heightened anxiety. Aqua Bounty Farms Inc., of Waltham, Mass., is seeking U.S. and Canadian approval to alter genes to produce a growth hormone that could shave a year off the usual 2 1/2 to three years it takes to raise a market-size fish.
Commercial fishermen and other critics fear that these “frankenfish” will escape and pose an even greater danger to native species than do the Atlantic salmon.
“Nobody can predict just what that means for our wild salmon,” Alaska Gov. Tony Knowles said. “We do see it as a threat.”
Canadian commercial fishermen, initially supportive of salmon farms, have grown increasingly hostile. They were stunned in August when their nets came up nearly empty during the first day of the wild pink salmon season in the Broughton Archipelago at the northeast end of Vancouver Island.
“There should have been millions of pinks, but there were fewer than anyone can remember,” said Calvin Siider, a salmon gill-netter. “We can’t prove that sea lice caused it. But common sense tells you something, if they are covered by sea lice as babies, and they don’t come back as adults.”
Alexandra Morton, an independent biologist and critic of salmon farms, began examining sea lice in 2001 when a fishermen brought her two baby pink salmon covered with them.
Collecting more than 700 baby pink salmon around farms, she found that 78% were covered with a fatal load of sea lice, which burrow into fish and feed on skin, mucous and blood. Juvenile salmon she netted farther from the farms were largely lice-free.
Bud Graham, British Columbia’s assistant deputy minister of agriculture, food and fisheries, called this a “unique phenomenon.”
“We have not seen that before. We really don’t understand it,” he said. “We’ve not had sea lice problems in our waters, compared to Scotland and Ireland.”
Salmon farmers point out that the sea louse exists in the wild. Their captive fish are unlikely hosts, the farmers say, because at the first sign of an outbreak, they add the pesticide emamectin benzoate to the feed.
Under Canadian rules, farmers must halt the use of pesticides 25 days before harvest to make sure all residues are flushed from the fish. If that’s done, officials said, pesticides should pose no danger to consumers.
European health officials have debated whether there is any human health risk from synthetic pigment added to the feed to give farmed salmon their pink hue.
In the wild, salmon absorb carotenoid from eating pink krill. On the farm, they get canthaxanthin manufactured by Hoffman-La Roche. The pharmaceutical company distributes its trademarked SalmoFan, similar to paint store swatches, so fish farmers can choose among various shades.
Europeans are suspicious of canthaxanthin, which was linked to retinal damage in people when taken as a sunless tanning pill. The British banned its use as a tanning agent, but it’s still available in the United States.
As for its use in animal feed, the European Commission scientific committee on animal nutrition issued a warning about the pigment and urged the industry to find an alternative. But in response, the British Food Standards Agency took the position that normal consumption of salmon poses no health risk. No government has banned the pigment from animal feed.
Scientists in the United States are far more concerned about a pair of preliminary studies -- one in British Columbia and one in Great Britain -- that showed farmed salmon accumulate more cancer-causing PCBs and toxic dioxins than wild salmon.
Scientists in the U.S. are trying to determine the extent of the contamination in salmon and what levels are safe for human consumption.
The culprit appears to be the salmon feed, which contains higher concentrations of fish oil -- extracted from sardines, anchovies and other ground-up fish -- than wild salmon normally consume. Man-made contaminants, PCBs and dioxins make their way into the ocean and are absorbed by marine life.
The pollutants accumulate in fat that is distilled into the concentrated fish oil, which, in turn, is a prime ingredient of the salmon feed.
Farmed salmon are far fattier than their wild cousins, although they do not contain as much of the beneficial omega-3 fatty acids.
The industry complains that environmental activists have misinterpreted the contaminant studies, needlessly frightening consumers.
“The concern is that people will stop eating fish,” said Walling, of the British Columbia Salmon Farmers Assn. “Salmon is a healthy food choice. Our Canadian government says this is a safe food.”
Environmentalists in British Columbia and Scotland recently launched campaigns urging consumers to boycott farmed salmon until the industry changes many of its practices.
At the least, they want the farms to switch to solid-walled pens with catch basins to isolate farmed fish -- and their diseases, pests and waste -- from the environment. The ideal solution, they say, is to have the farmed stock raised in landlocked tanks.
Protests notwithstanding, the industry is expected to get a lot bigger. Demand for seafood is rising and will double by 2040, according to the U.N.'s Food and Agriculture Organization. Nearly half the world’s wild fisheries are exhausted from overfishing, thus much of the supply will likely come from farmed seafood.
“Aquaculture is here to stay,” said Rebecca Goldburg, a biologist who co-authored a report on the industry for the Pew Oceans Commission. “The challenge is to ensure that this young industry grows in a sustainable manner and does not cause serious ecological damage.”
Must-read stories from the L.A. Times
Get all the day's most vital news with our Today's Headlines newsletter, sent every weekday morning.
You may occasionally receive promotional content from the Los Angeles Times.
$AQB - Bullish on AquaBounty Technologies
AQB closed a public offering to expand a new farm with a 10,000 metric ton production capacity.
Comparable analysis of U.S. competitor Atlantic Sapphire would increase the value of AQB by 2x when the new farm reaches full capacity.
Institutional ownership is high, suggesting future belief in the company.
The risk of consumers choosing conventionally farmed salmon as opposed to GMO-farmed AquAdvantage salmon could diminishing revenue steam.
Challenges ahead: controversial GMO, funds for growth, and materialization
AquaBounty Technologies (NASDAQ: AQB) is a company that is continuously expanding in the evolving RAS space, renovating the entire salmon industry. Recently, it closed a public offering to finance a production facility of 10,000 metric tons of their AquAdvantage Salmon (AAS). AQB's new farm is expected to be constructed in 2021. According to comparable analysis to one of AQB's U.S.-based competitors – Atlantic Sapphire (OTCQX: AASZF), the company's market cap could be double after the farm construction is finished. Furthermore, the institutional ownership of AQB is exceptionally high, indicating a positive outlook belief.
Future changing consumer preferences towards GMOs could become uncertain, as consumers would turn to conventionally farmed salmon instead, reducing projected revenue streams.
AquaBounty has been researching, developing and commercializing genetically modified salmon (GMO) for more than three years. One of the most significant advantages of genetically modified salmon is that salmon can grow faster than conventionally farmed salmon. It creates an opportunity for AquaBounty after the FDA approved "AquAdvantage Salmon" (AAS) for consumption in 2015.
However, there is one potential risk. The company needs to strictly control and eliminate the risk of genetic mixing between traditional salmon and AAS. The U.S. government has many strict rules to control that risk. The company has been forced to grow its A.A.s in land-based Recirculating Aquaculture System (RAS). RAS offers many advantages over traditional farming: less feed, fewer parasites and diseases, no antibiotics, and 98% re-used water. It may seem to favour environmentally oriented consumers, which could be the primary revenue driver in the future. So far, the company operates three salmon farms, both in the U.S. and Canada. Two of these are for the commercial growth of salmon, and one of them for R&D purposes.
Currently, the company is traded at $5.83 as of this writing with a market cap of $421M. The company issued a public offering of $127.1M to expand and construct a new commercial farm. The purpose of the new farm is to increase the production level of AAS. With the new farm, the company will generate more production and lead to higher revenue and profits. However, the construction of the new farm will be started in the first half of 2021. It means that the benefit of the new farm will not be reflected on this year's financial statement.
AQB's goal is to have at least 50,000 metric tons of AAS by 2028 by constructing 4 to 5 farms with a production capacity of 10,000 metric tons per farm. The cost of each farm is in the range of $140M-$175M and will most likely be financed via issuing equity and/or debt. As a result, new issues of equity would dilute the existing shareholders if it ever happened.
Analyst projections estimate revenues to increase to $5M in 2021 and $10M in 2022 as several harvests of salmon taking place in 2021, which will potentially boost its revenue and profit. Furthermore, analysts estimate share-dilution would be about 5-6x the current outstanding amount of shares in the next 6-8 years as the company requires a large amount of cash to build its new farms.
It is better to use the relative comparison method to value AQB as other valuation techniques are infeasible. By comparing AquaBounty with Atlantic Sapphire, its main competitor in the RAS space, it will provide a relatively precise estimate of the valuation of AquaBounty.
Atlantic Sapphire valued at $1.32B with a production capability of 10,000 mt. In comparison, the current market cap of AQB is $421M, which means there is a 3x upside when the third farm is ready for production.
Most of the shares are held by 99 institutions, with a total of 95%. The Top 5 institutional holders are Third Security, LLC ARK Investment Management, LLC Vanguard Group, Inc. EPIQ Partners, LLC Blackrock Inc., with the range of purchased prices between $4.64 and $8.76. The reported date was on Dec. 30th, 2020. The Top 5 mutual fund holders are ARK ETF Tr-ARK Genomic Revolution ETF Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund Vanguard Extended Market Index Fund Entrepreneur Shares Ser Tr-ERShares U.S. Small Cap Fund Fidelity Extended Market Index Fund, with a range of purchased price between $6.70 and $9.97. Therefore, institutional holdings are extraordinarily high, suggesting future belief in the company.
First of all, AQB is a company with an annual loss of $6.55M, and it will keep such a trend, at least in the short term. Moreover, the company also needs to invest in R&D continuously. It further deteriorates the profitability of the firm. Investors will require a long period to see the company making a positive profit.
Secondly, consumers' preferences are hard to guess. There is a high chance that projected revenue streams fail to materialize as consumers turn to purchase conventionally farmed non-GMO salmon. Its risks are more characteristics of sector-risks for the entire early-stage RAS and GMO-salmon industry. However, the market seems to gradually realize the value of GMOs, as evidenced by AQB's future intentions of expanding internationally to Isreal, Brazil and China.
AquaBounty (AQB) is a small-cap stock with a market cap under $421 million as of this writing. AQB is still in its early stage, where it requires a large amount of funds for R&D and farm development. Besides that, AQB also has to bear the risk of consumers against genetically modified foods. However, if it builds five farms as it plans and finds receptive consumers, it believes it could generate around $350 million in annual revenue. From there, AquaBounty would be established enough to kick expansion into high gear, possibly even building farms internationally.
Based on a rough comparable analysis, the company's value should increase by at least 3x when the third farm is ready to be used. Remember, the company requires much capital for its farm constructions in the future. It would be a buy signal for AQB, with a significant catalyst being the announcing of the third farm building.
Limited freezer space? Look no further. Capt. Tony’s Small Freezer Box packs BIG flavor in a small package, perfect for those with limited freezer space! As our most popular pre-set Gift Box, the Small Freezer Box is also an excellent choice for those looking to sample a variety of what we offer. This includes wild caught Alaskan Sockeye and King Salmon, Pacific Cod and Halibut!
What’s in the box:
- 4 – Wild Caught Sockeye Salmon Portions (approx. 6oz. each)
- 2 – Wild Caught King Salmon Portions (approx. 6-10oz. each)
- 2 – Wild Caught Pacific Cod Portions (approx. 8 oz. each)
- 2 – Wild Caught Halibut Portions (approx. 6-8oz. each)
Add a Review for Captain Tony’s Small Freezer Box
You must be logged in to post a review. If you don't have an account, consider creating one.
Benefits of having an account:
- Review your past orders.
- One click reordering.
- Repeat orders and subscriptions.
- Exclusive discounts and offers sent by email.
General Shipping Policies
- All standard website orders are shipped via FedEx/UPS Ground service unless the “Rush Delivery” option is purchased and then FedEx/UPS Overnight service will be used.
- We only ship orders that will deliver Tuesday – Friday for any service type used, including “Rush Delivery”.
- We do not ship for delivery on Saturday – Monday.
- All orders are shipped Monday – Thursday (except holidays and inclement weather).
- There are occasionally situations due to weather that we will hold orders to be shipped at a later date.
- Thursday shipments are ONLY for Ground service with 1 day transit times, or for “Rush Delivery” orders.
- Free shipping is only available for addresses within the Contiguous United States (lower 48 states), but due to high demand for our products during the current COVID-19 pandemic, shipping to some states must include a location fee. We look forward to a time when we will be able to remove this surcharge. For now, please bear with us.
- Free shipping is not available for Alaska, Hawaii, US territories, and international deliveries.
- A mimimum order subtotal may be required to receive free shipping.
- Purchasing a specific product may be required to receive free shipping.
- For more information, please read our Shipping & Packaging
Shipments via FedEx/UPS Ground service
- Orders are shipped Monday – Thursday (except holidays) and arrive within 1-2 days.
- Orders placed by 10am CST Monday – Wednesday will ship that day.
- Orders placed between 10am CST Wednesday and 10am CST Thursday, will ship on Thursday ONLY if requiring 1 day of transit. Otherwise, if the order is placed on Wednesday after 10am CST and requires 2 days of transit, the order will be shipped the following Monday.
- Orders placed after 10am CST Thursday – Sunday will be shipped the following Monday.
- You will receive an emailed confirmation with your shipping schedule once your order is received.
Shipments via FedEx/UPS Overnight service – “Rush Delivery” Option
- Only orders placed that select the “Rush Delivery” option at checkout for an additional fee will be shipped via Overnight service.
- Fees for “Rush Delivery” are an additional $85 for destinations in the continental U.S.
- Orders placed by 10am CST Monday – Thursday will ship that day and arrive the next day.
- Orders placed after 10am CST Thursday – Sunday will ship the following Monday.
- You will receive an emailed confirmation with your shipping schedule once your order is received.
- We DO NOT ship to APO/FPO, PO Boxes or Rural Routes.
Exceptions – Alaska, Hawaii and US Territories
All orders shipping to Alaska, Hawaii or US Territories will be charged $110 for rush delivery.
Tracking Your Order
Online orders receive emailed order confirmation with your order number in the subject line. Once the order begins to move, your tracking number will be emailed so you can track your package. Wild Alaska Salmon & Seafood Co. will also be tracking each order to ensure proper delivery. Occasionally there are weather delays or delays during peak holiday periods that are beyond our control. In the event of any delay, we will notify you as soon as possible with a status update.
PLEASE NOTE: We cannot guarantee specific delivery times
We strive to deliver your order on time to the address you designate. Virtually all of our deliveries are successful and we want to make sure yours is among them! We do not require a signature upon delivery. The courier will normally knock on your door and, if no is available, will leave your package at your door. However, it is at the sole discretion of the courier whether or not to leave a package if no one is available. We are not liable for orders that are not retrieved in a timely manner.
If you have special or specific delivery needs, please call (907) 290-0992 or send us a message using our message form.
Serving & Care
Opening Your Package Once Received
- Carefully open your package, ensuring that you do not rip or puncture the vacuum sealed packages containing your seafood products.
- Seafood products received with very slight thawing may be safely re-frozen with no perceptible loss of quality or nutritional value. It is not recommended to re-freeze fully thawed seafood products.
- Seafood products should be kept frozen, or refrigerated if consuming immediately.
Thawing Frozen Seafood Products
- We recommend thawing seafood products in your refrigerator.
- Unopened, vacuum sealed seafood packages should be thawed overnight in the refrigerator and then cut open once fully thawed. DO NOT KEEP SEALED VACUUM PACKED RAW SEAFOOD IN YOUR REFRIGERATOR FOR MORE THAN 2 DAYS.
- After opening raw seafood, it is best to consume within 3 days of thawing.
Smoked Seafood Products
- Unopened, vacuum sealed smoked seafood packages can be refrigerated for up to 2 weeks. After opening your smoked seafood, it should be kept in the refrigerator and consumed within 2 weeks.
We take great pride in our products and ensuring that every customer is completely satisfied with their order. If, for any reason, you are not completely satisfied, please call us at (907) 290-0992 or send us a message using our message form so we can make it right.
Salmon Galore! as 100,000 fish escape
The islanders of Orkney have built their lives from the bounty of the sea, so when more than 100,000 salmon escaped from a local fish farm at the weekend they knew just what to do.
With the salmon, estimated to be worth about £1m, churning up the waters of Kirkwall harbour, locals set to work in true Whisky Galore! fashion, scooping fish from the sea in any way they could.
"There were hundreds of people jostling along the harbour," said Diarmaid Fleming, 36, from London, who was visiting the area. "There were people coming out of the pub with supermarket baskets, lowering them into the water to scoop out the fish. There were people with nets. Everybody was there: kids, old people, anybody who could walk.
"At about 3am the police came and said it was illegal to fish for salmon on a Sunday, so people said they were fishing for pollack and had no intention of catching salmon."
Under the Salmon and Freshwater Fisheries Protection Act (1951), salmon fishing is indeed forbidden on a Sunday, but Inspector Paul Eddington of Northern Constabulary's Kirkwall office was not about to lay down the law.
"These circumstances were never envisaged in 1951 and there was an awful lot of fish out there," he said yesterday. "We were not going to start enforcing legislation. That would not have been practical.
"There was a bit of a bonanza. There was a vast crowd, all along the shore. I suspect there are a number of freezers across the island that are fairly well-stocked."
The salmon had escaped on Saturday when tides damaged nets at a fish farm in Weyland Bay, just north of Kirkwall.
The police spent much of yesterday warning people not to consume any fish they had found dead on the beach. There were reports of local traders buying the fish, which would normally fetch around £10, for as little as £1.
By late yesterday, salmon were still being caught. "The children are in their glory," said Bridie Smith, from Kirkwall's St Ola hotel. "People are going past with their rods - catching fish like mad."
2020/2021 CSA shares
Persephone Farm has grown organic vegetables for sale at farmers markets, stores and restaurants since 1985. We strive to create great tasting, nutritious food with respect for the farm ecosystem and all the beings which feed it. Now you can support our farm's vision and practices while adding delicious food to your table!
Now accepting members into our winter CSA!
Our Winter CSA season is every first and third Saturday of April, ending on Saturday, April 17.
Because the CSA shares will be coming every two weeks, each share will contain a bit more food than you are accustomed to receiving weekly. Don't worry, it will all be hearty winter fare which stores well. Here are some examples of shares you might receive in.
December: Beets, Brussels Sprouts, Savoy Cabbage, Music Garlic, Leeks, Huckleberry Gold Potatoes, Delicata Winter Squash
January: Spaghetti Winter Squash, Shallots, Yukon Gold Potatoes, Leeks, Winter Red Kale, Green Cabbage, Braising Mix, Beets
February: Sweet Rapini, Red Garlic, Beets, Chicory Mix, Shallots, Red Ursa Kale, Yellow Finn Potatoes, Braising Mix, Kabocha Winter Squash
March: Tetsukabuto Winter Squash, Leeks, Yellow Finn Potatoes, Beets, Collards, Wild Garden Kale, Red Cabbage, Sweet Rapini, White Garlic
April: Beets, Red Savoy Cabbage, Braising Mix, Sorrel, Purple Sprouting Broccoli, Leek Buds, Shallots, Green Kale, Sweet Rapini, Tetsukabuto Winter Squash
We will also be offering pears, apples, and hazelnuts from our good friends at La Mancha Ranch and Orchard, so there will be an option to purchase a fruit and/or nut add-on.
CSA shares also include a subscription to Cook With What You Have, which offers cooking tips and videos as well as a collection of over 900 simple and flexible recipes organized by vegetable.
Pick up Locations
In Portland, there are two pick up locations:
In Salem, the pick up day is Saturday and the site is right near LifeSource Natural Grocers.
Winter CSA Payment Options
For a two week share from April 3 through April 17, here are some payment options
for you to consider:
Get 'Er Done: Pay $92 to stay healthy and well-fed by Persephone all winter and into early spring.
Week-to-Week: If you aren't sure you want to subscribe to the entire winter season, you can place an order by Wednesday night of each CSA week and pick up your share for $50 on Saturday.
You can mail a check to us at: Persephone Farm, P.O. Box 2645, Lebanon, OR 97355
Or at Hollywood or PSU, bring cash, check or debit/credit.
In Salem, bring cash or check.
Summer/Fall CSA 2020
There are two share options.
The “Persephone’s Bounty” share is a large box for Big vegetable fans and families of all kinds.
The “Taste of Persephone” share is a smaller box for singles and eaters who prefer more moderate portions.
In Portland, there are three pick up locations:
In Salem, the pick up day is Saturday and the site is right near LifeSource Natural Grocers.
CSA Payment Options
November 11, 2020 update - For the last two weeks of our Summer/Fall CSA, you can purchase a box each week $35 for Bounty (per week) and $25 for Taste (per week).
—>Either send your check to Persephone Farm, CSA Subscriptions, PO Box 2645, Lebanon, OR 97355 or bring your cash, check or debit/credit card to us when you pick up.
CSA shares also include a subscription to Cook With What You Have, which offers cooking tips and videos as well as a collection of over 900 simple and flexible recipes organized by vegetable.
We apologise that we cannot process debit/credit at the pick up site at this time. We are working on getting an online ordering system set up once that is in place order and payment can be done online.
We’ve had several questions about whether a subscription can be purchased using EBT. It is absolutely our goal to make this a payment option for our winter csa and in coming seasons. Unfortunately, we got started a little bit late this season to get all the pieces in place in time for this summer. We’ll keep you posted with progress reports when we get this payment method up and rolling in the future.
There will be a winter CSA beginning December 5 and continuing through April of 2021.
Please contact us if you’re interested in a Summer or Winter CSA:
Here's what you get when you purchase a CSA share from Persephone:
Truly seasonal vegetables grown outside in the sun, wind and rain. Not a single vegetable here is grown under a plastic tunnel or on plastic mulch. Terrific flavor and nutrition plus conservation of resources makes a winning combination!
Sample boxes might include:
July: basil, broccoli, cilantro, fennel, lettuce, spring onions
September: cilantro, garlic, lettuce, spring onions, potatoes, summer squash, cherry tomatoes
November: arugula, beets, brussels sprouts, red cabbage, garlic, kale, lettuce, potatoes
January: braising greens, savoy cabbage, leeks, potatoes, shallots, winter squash
April: sorrel, purple sprouting broccoli, kale, leeks, rapini, shallots
Here's what you support when you purchase a CSA share from Persephone:
Clean Energy: 100% of our farm's electricity needs is provided by solar power.
Resource Conservation: an electric cultivation tractor, devoted recycling of materials, and delivery vehicles drive at speeds which maximise fuel efficiency and reduce emissions.
Education of Future Farmers: our farm is in transition to management by the next generation, and we have trained several apprentices each season throughout our history.
Growth of the Soil: The soil nourishes us with fine food and we believe in giving back, by feeding it organic matter and fertility through growing cover crops, which are the backbone of our organic philosophy and practice. This reduces the need to import fertiliser from off the farm, inching us towards closing our ecosystem loop.
Salmon-Safe Practices: We protect our ground water and the neighboring South Santiam River with cover crops, as well as fish screens on our irrigation pump intake pipe.
Wildlife habitat: Our farm is bordered by a riparian area on one side and forest on the other. We have planted many trees and native plants in areas where crops cannot be grown. We grow a variety of flowers with the vegetables to shelter and feed beneficial insects, who tackle our toughest insect pests in turn.
Wild Caught Salmon vs Farm Raised: Pros and Cons
Where do you stand in the wild caught salmon vs farm raised debate? For some, farm raised salmon is the simple, more affordable option. (Or, the only option available in their grocery store.) For others, wild caught salmon is seen as the cleaner, healthier, and ONLY option. Or, maybe you just enjoy the taste of one more than the other! But, which is the ‘right’ choice: wild caught salmon vs farm raised?
Well, apologies up front: there’s no clear answer to this decades-long debate. (Sorry!) Both wild caught and farm raised salmon have their advantages, as well as their drawbacks. High levels of toxic contaminants have given farm raised salmon a bad reputation, but many wild caught salmon also contain these same contaminants. And, while eating wild caught fish can contribute to the growing environmental strain, many fish farms damage natural ecosystems as well.
Yes, there are some nutritional differences between wild caught salmon vs farm raised. But, those differences aren’t so massive that they’re the only factor to consider. And, many people argue that SOME superfood salmon in your diet, wild caught or farm raised, is better than NO salmon! Ultimately, the choice comes down to how you feel about: contaminants, the environmental impact, the taste, and the cost.There’s no black-and-white answer here—learn about the issues so you can make an informed choice! [/vc_column_text]
The Difference Between Wild Caught Salmon vs Farm Raised
Technically speaking, the difference is pretty simple. Wild caught salmon are caught in the wild, and farm raised salmon are raised on farms. But, the environment on a fish farm is VERY different from that in the wild. And, those different environments inevitably have an impact on the fish. On the surface, we can see these differences just in how the fish look:
Wild Caught Salmon:
- Thinner and leaner filets
- Darker in color, with a deeper reddish-pink-orange color
- Fewer and smaller white stripes visible in the flesh (a.k.a. fat striations)
- Harder to find in grocery stores, and not as common on restaurant menus
Farm Raised Salmon:
- Thicker and fattier filets
- Lighter in color, with more pale pink-orange color
- More visible fat striations, that are thicker and deeper in the flesh
- What most of us are used to seeing in grocery stores and eating at restaurants
But, the differences between wild caught salmon vs farm raised go beyond just the color and texture of the fish. WHY do these differences exist? And what do they mean—for our bodies and for the planet?
What Does ‘Wild Caught Fish’ Mean?
The label ‘wild caught fish’ refers to fish caught in their natural environments by fishermen. In their wild habitats—like oceans, lakes, rivers—fish have plenty of room to roam. After a lifetime of long-distance swimming, they tend to be leaner and less fatty than farm raised fish. And, wild caught fish have access to a diverse, natural diet, making them some of the healthiest eaters on the planet!
Generally, wild fish feed on small organisms in their environment, like smaller fish and krill. Luckily, many of those small organisms like krill eat algae, which is an incredible source of omega-3 fatty acids. Then, those superfood nutrients travel up the food chain, into the larger wild caught fish that we eventually eat. Plus, these fish consume lots of different food sources in their environment, with different nutrients. Not only does this diversity keep the fish healthy, but it also makes them a rich source of essential minerals and vitamins.
Also, the fish’s natural diet affects the color of their flesh. (You are what you eat, am I right?) For example, the deep reddish-orange-pink color seen in wild-caught salmon comes from the red-orange krill that they eat!
What Does ‘Farm Raised Fish’ Mean?
Any fish raised on a fish farm (or ‘aquaculture’) is known as a ‘farm raised fish.’ These fish live inside enclosed pens submerged in lakes, ponds, or even areas in the ocean, as well as some in large tanks on land. Unfortunately, fish pens can be small and very crowded, which is why farm raised fish are usually fattier. Plus, overcrowding can lead to problems like toxic contaminants and pollutants accumulating in pens or diseases spreading among the fish. Of course, every aquaculture is different—some are cleaner and more sustainable than others. And, while some countries (like the U.S. and Canada) enforce stricter fish farming regulations, many other areas of the world do not.
But, one of the biggest differences in farm raised fish is their less-nutritious and less-diverse diet. Most farm raised fish eat a highly-processed, high-fat feed made of corn, grains, fish oil, and fish meal (a.k.a. ground-up fish). Clearly, not-so-natural and not very diverse, but it’s a diet designed to fatten the fish up quickly and for the lowest cost. Granted, all of that fish oil and fish meal pack TONS of omega-3s into farm raised fish. But, their unnatural feed also alters the nutritional composition in other ways—not necessarily for the better.
Plus, eating the same, limited diet in an aquaculture changes the color of the fish’s flesh. Believe it or not, the pale pink-orange we recognize in farm raised salmon isn’t the fish’s true color! Naturally, that salmon and most farm-raised fish would actually be gray-ish in color. Instead, to make the fish look more like their wild caught cousins, many farmers add food dyes to their fish feed.
So, Farm Raised = Bad, Wild Caught = Good, Right? Not Quite…
I know, ‘ultra-processed, high-fat, food-dyed salmon’ doesn’t sound like a great choice… But, let me be clear: not all farm raised salmon is ‘bad’ or ‘unhealthy.’ In fact, farm raised salmon can be an incredible source of essential omega-3s! And, as aquaculture practices start to improve in many countries, the quality of farm raised salmon is also improving. Most importantly, sustainable aquacultures are crucial to protecting the planet’s wild fish populations.
But, the bottom line here: before choosing farm raised fish, it’s really important to find out where the fish came from. Really, that goes for wild caught fish, too. (More on that at the end of the article!) Usually, wild caught fish are considered higher-quality, cleaner, and a safer choice. But, they come with an additional cost—both financially and on the environment.
Currently, around one-third of wild fish populations have been overfished, and two-thirds are fully-fished . That means we’re catching and removing these species faster than the fish can reproduce in the wild. Because humans eat a lot of fish! Today, the average person eats about twice as much fish as we did 50 years ago. That’s why, to keep up with the demand, now 50% of the world’s seafood stock is farm raised. And, that number is only expected to increase over time.
Pros and Cons of Wild Caught Salmon vs Farm Raised
Again, there’s no clear ‘right’ choice here. So, let’s look at the pros (+) and cons (-) of wild caught salmon vs farm raised. And, as always, I encourage you to continue researching and dive deeper!